# Science & Technology

## This year’s Nobel prize in Chemistry.

What happens when some UV falls on biological molecules? (or any kind) some of these molecules like the wooden pole absorb the energy and there still remains energy which they can emit as visible light. So the UV light kicks the molecules and the molecules in turn emit visible light. This implies that the UV wavelength that the molecules absorbed energy at are very small compared to the wavelength at which they emit visible light. This is always the case.

When we say some materials are fluorescent it means they absorbed higher energy and emitted lower energy radiations of colorful light.

But this has a great deal of application apart from its theoretical interest.

## India’s Navigation Satellites.

Soon India will launch its navigation satellite on October 10. Its the 3rd of the 7 that India will set on voyage above Indian Nation’s geo-spatial surface, all of which will be set to function in their orbit by next year. India has taken its strides into space.

“This will provide terrestrial, aerial and marine navigation accurately and help disaster management, vehicle tracking and fleet management, mobile phone tracking, mapping of terrain as well as air and sea navigation.”

Despite of the fact that theoretically we have better than mm range accuracy …

## A new optimization parameter in a statistical sample !

It reflects the quality scope of the citations. Its the total percentage of a citation that goes into defining a particular citation index. Let me call it q-index therefore (q for quality)

See this example.

My h-ind is 60. So total (minimum) citation it accounts for is 60*60 = 3600. My total citation is 12215. So my q-ind is 3600/12215 = 29.47% Or 29.47% of my total citation were important for this parameter. Hence my q-index is 29.47. In this way if someone has 500 total citation with h-index 60, he has a much better q-index than mine, because more of his paper are highly cited

## Uncertainty Principle Again.

2. The object can be a large object, eg say something whose picture you are taking. But as explained above its not the energy of the object (or momentum) which is directly coming into the problem. That would be an added degree of concern if the object is moving with certain velocity, a reason why pictures are blurred. Because motion of objects introduces additional energy-time-momentum-position variables and their corresponding uncertainties. For the argument of the above problem one can imagine the large sized object, lets say a bird, is standing still on a tree while its picture is being taken. In that case if the wavelength of the light [few 100 nano meters = 1/10th of a micrometer] is used (eg in a digital-camera) the corresponding accuracy of the light will be less than micrometers. You can take a very sharp picture of the bird, which is lets say 6 inch long. But when you zoom in to a large degree, the inaccuracies will show up. [in this case how to see a micrometer level image? Is a computer sufficient to show us the uncertain edges of the pixels?] If the wavelength (here visible light) is so small, evidently by de-Broglie relationship, momentum or energy of such light is very large. But its not as large to disturb the feelings of the bird. The bird doesn’t have a problem with visible light, and such energy does not disturb its position or energy or any thing so to say. So while Quantum Mechanics is valid, we are accustomed to say this is a classical mechanics situation. To say QM is invalid is incorrect. To say QM is understood to be valid is a knowledgeable position.

## Why Japanese is the most elaborate Language?

Couple years ago, for this reason, not the kai reason, but any phonetic-word-attempt which gave me tons of kanjis, for same phonetics, I said, Japanese Language has so many synonyms, (perhaps this is anti-synonym, but in my defense, I don’t remember exact word I used, its a memory retrieval, you see) and still Japanese Language unites them all and makes into one language; we can also do this for Indian language.
Indian (Language) would be far easier (than the complexity of Japanese) in that, given, lets say, jack-fruit will have 8 different words only, across India, then, we have to put them all into one syllable-alphabet unit (that can be newly defined, because now we have at-least 20 ways to define) eg Hindi: kathar/kathal, Odi: panas (Telugu also Panas, I know, I asked this to my friend 15 years ago, he was from AP, his name Venkateswaralu Goruganthi, funny fella with thilak on his head, see since when I am doing my language research?) I don’t know more language, lets say: Gujurati: xyz.

Then take all Indian Language and list these into one unit. That unit would be given a special phonetic tag. (Because we don’t have any) The reverse of this has been accomplished by Japanese. By having each meaning for a single phonetic or syllable unit as a kanji (or pictorial unit) they have unified language. Back then I said, 20 some synonyms, (so many = 20) Lets count today.
As if a coincidence I found 20. Although, there would be, some redundant issues here (eg 買い and 買 ) and a few more may be left. (eg I remember, now I know some Japanese Language by memory: kai = write, kai in kaishi = begin). Lets see what we found in Japanese for kai; each of the following is kai, with different meaning. Only one is (sa)kai and couple are not known (just kai, in 2nd line), from where I am searching. Lets then, give their meaning.

Meeting Time Sea Buy Shellfish Floor Solution Field Through Subordinate Isthmuses Mystery Worth Domestic Purchase Paddle Comfort Kai Kai Family-physician

## The MOST unique captions in the world.

Caption (#mdashf): I am the only person who has taken the picture of all of humanity keeping myself impossible to be pictured by anyone.  The Viral-nova caption is kind of not clear;”This photo was taken by astronaut Michael Collins, when… Read More ›

## Jupiter, Europa, their love game.

But how magnetic a personality is Jupiter? Jupiter’s magnetism is bigger than Sun’s and earth’s. A fact that certainly excites its lovers.

This hubble image shows how plumes of water are sprayed into its own atmosphere by icy Europa which the armor Jupiter splits at the atomic level by throwing electric charges at the water molecules in a rapid manner by its magnetic arm. Just like we accelerate charges by magnetic field here on earth and make them split each other, the power of Jupiter’s darts are so high they split the water molecules into ions of H and O. That causes radiation in various hues of color, an aura captured by the Hubble telescope.

## MDASHF, how is it doing online.

All in all, safely, only 2013 saw 50,000 people who followed and endorsed my online presence or who accessed my website contents. (since you can like a page once only using your f-b id and since website visits checks unique IP address, this is a unique individual stats, that is , most precise count of number of people)

#mdashf wants to offer its long felt gratitude. This was possible only because of goodwill of people. There was zero amount of publicity expenditure. Not a single dime was ever spent by me or to my knowledge anyone else towards publicity. I am open to generous grants by individuals or orgs, btw, if you want to support #mdashf. The only expenditures that were incurred was on website layout, theme, fonts, hosting charge etc and the use of fancy all-in-one computer, personal laptop and printers/scanners and yea: BSNL ISP

## Why scientific inventions are more and more imminent?

Even accuracy of Aristotle’s theory in ZOOLOGY was achieved in 19th century. He was therefore one of the most prolific and far reaching genius ever. After a 2000 year it took only 300 years for Einstein to overturn Newton. It took only 30 years before a group of genius (Heisenberg, Schrodinger, Bohr, Dirac et al and later Feynman, Fermi etal) who could revolutionarily modify the theories put forth by Einstein. Then it often oscillates anywhere between 3 to 100 years to see theories are overturned (or rather significantly modified) by successive group of scientists.

## Bugs in your gmail?

I think I have found two bugs in gmail (by seeing its unwanted behavior)

1. This one has happened for years, now, solves itself in few hours. YOU CLICK on the email and it will not open. All other actions such as browsing through the boxes and delete etc would be working. SO you just gotta be patient for a while.

2. This one is more scary. Perhaps happening for a few months now. Seems like there is a bug that scatters the emails randomly and in large numbers (perhaps the ones it think are mass-notifications, it can drag some of your important message there if the message source is routine, that is your job-website or your bank emails) .

What happens? You can’t see a large number of emails, these are invisible, so after you read this, take my trick and check how many would be sitting in your email never read by you. You can’t and bet ya’ haven’t seen tons of emails that have been sent to you, few very urgent emails. Likely.

## Equivalence from simple notions of Geometry ? Yes.

Now it may also be related that light bends in a denser media compared to a rarer media because an additional rotational force is working. In other words, the definition of straight line has to change in the medium, that is of different density, because path of light is changing. Light is the guy who suffers the least when something tries to buzz it, because its inertial property of mass is zero. The curvature of light or the bending or deflection known as Refraction is thus a measure of the sideways force or energy.

Thus speed of light in different media is a measure of this bending or curvature and is known as Snail’s law ( — Pun intended, its actually; Snell’s Law — ) . Automatically when distance and time have to readjust, to produce an angle or bending, known as refraction ( — possible because distance and time can produce an angle if they are equivalents — ) the speed must also change.

All these are inter related. Light refracts and its speed changes, in relative change in density of media because there are rotational or non-inertial effects.

( — or additional energy is available, or a force is acting to bring a curvature in light’s path, perhaps the electromagnetic effects of the molecules? Its not only distance or time that are equivalents, read one article of mine “All You Need To Know About Relativity” to understand; how energy and time and distance and in short all Physical Variables are equivalents of each other — )

## The approach to unify Language.

The thought of Sun theory of language is “äny word is an alphabet.” Therefore there are infinite number of languages and infinite number of rules of language and infinite number of alphabet. Therefore humanity has only learned to produce new alphabets, and a word is the way to do it. If I say damn, it says: d, a, m, n is an alphabet. alphabet; literal meaning is miniaturization. {therefore quantization} because alpha means less/ap/ab {ap as in apapsis, alpa as in Indianic: alpayu} and bat/bet is adjective-suffix of alpa. {as English: LY in nicely}

## You know Einstein was very clever. (Information Theory in Physics )

Then he goes S = Int{Ldt}, action is the total amount of specified definitions of energy over all of time, and action is a kind of information if we are dealing with a statistical system of L {energy} because Energy is not known precisely, or rather action is not, this fact is brought in by saying the time is an information or a PLAN, because things are not known precisely although depend on other well defined factors. Then he sees that since interactions of different chunks of Energy with each other which are not known very precisely gives rise to heat or temperature, temperature here serves as information or PLAN. Then this is still called S, akin to action because S again is information or imprecise or statistical. Then they call it Entropy. {Perhaps for INTERnal-Energy = Intropy} But this other factor temperature also is denoted by same initial T. Since T has to be a fundamental parameter as are Energy and Entropy it can go anywhere, in denominator or numerator and sitting below sometimes feels good so they give T the chance to do that. Its better to heat from below. Heat works that way. But Time T sits on top, see: S = Int{Ldt}.

## What to do if you have diabetes ! You have diabetes why do I care?

Our diabetic body is a Luna which cannot melt all the calorie it has. Perhaps, presumably for me, not more than 800 Kcal. That means if I ate more calories in one instance, I must melt them by exercise, good sleep and medicine ensures my body is functioning well in-between, for the next day. That means I can occasionally eat a sweet, sugar, potato or chicken, but not too much. And I must melt all fat and calorie, better on a day-to-day basis.

If not, the ailment affects the functioning of kidney, heart, eyes and as one of my doctor friend recently told THE reproductive organs. I am really scared now.

So I walked, regularly, ate healthy and I am making sure I am not jumping the 800 K-calorie, except exceptionally and slept well and in time and in 2 weeks my fasting level saw a drop of 130, back to the level of normal. I planned to check it sooner, but haven’t been able to, although its less than 4 weeks, since I last tested normal. So I will soon do that. If you have diabetes or someone who you know does, you can explain him this or pass this, if he is capable of reading this.

Thanks.

## The Tesla dream

Xc; Every scientist has a high degree of respect towards Tesla including me. We use many of his inventions. Having said that in Nikola Tesla’s days particle acceleration technology was almost nonexistent. The current energy we reach is only a current technology. Naturally occurring high energy particles constantly hit earth atmosphere such as extremely high energy cosmic rays but it does not do us much harm. But if he actually gave such an interview (there are other websites also mentioning this interview) he was hallucinating as he did not understand the nitty gritties but it is impossible to send electric currents (thats what beams are) in open air that too for 250 miles. People believed him for his reputation but remember Einstein has come out plain wrong on many physics problems and his compatriots understood this far better than we do at present. Just one thing comes to my mind what Feynman said: No one is a pope in science … compare that to lightning, how it spreads everywhere, he could not have produced lightning for that sake, he should have thought a little more.

## Internet is a brilliant tool in the hand of man, Internet killed the TV star.

But what I am hinting here is the fact that the tremendous mobility of information and communication itself can avert wars to the point where any war happening just for the sake of happening, out of human beings need to imagine it happening is a rare thought.

## Is failure of technology demise of science?

So technology can handicap science. There is an inherent traditionalism or say conservatism about technology. Without this conservatism technology can’t be effective, its marketability will be swallowing and its gregariousness can be questioned to the extent of science itself. [How friendly is science??]

## Ten ideas in my mind…

My basic question is how can we really wrap up, revamp and optimally use all forms of electricity available to us since a century. Why must we not use such provisions in a way that saves us 150% of the energy that we must have wasted along, in our lackadaisical schemes of producing, distributing and selling such energy, possibly due to a careless system rather than a technical snag.

## What is Science !

How much do I really appreciate what Science is !

A question I have asked in my mind and I have pondered for a while in answering, while writing this article.

I have always found this sort of out of the circle thinking a favorite pastime of mine. As far as I can recall, into my mind, I see this as a conscious effort, to process what I learn, in a more or less compulsive way, built into my thinking. And as much as I can imagine, I developed such a habit, as a very young student.

To this date, when I have had a pretty solid background in experimental science, through painstaking days and nights of thinking through methods and implementing them, to extract some good looking interesting plots, to being a pretty enthusiastic graduate student, slogging through bunches of home works, to understanding the basic concepts, I have carried a good deal of passion in thinking about, what I have learned and what I haven’t.

My thinking has matured considerably, giving rise to rejection of plain thoughts. In a way, I have formed a judgment of my own to discriminate or rather, to ask more and more questions, in trying to circumvent, pretty simple headed questions howsoever bothersome, as well.

This then to my mind, is, a good definition of science. The ability to discern the value of a question, the ability to focus on the important facets and the preparedness to keep aside “plain thoughts”, if we see the same as a trivialization of sorts is what a good definition of science pertains to, in my earnest opinions.

## The state of Indian Science.

China is already doing this. Its particle accelerators are hotbeds of science research where people from the globe come like honey-bee come to flowers. China is even planning to establish world’s largest accelerator, bigger than LHC, the biggest and highest energy facility in the world now.

If we think democracy is hindering our strides, we better change to communism, shall we? There are certain aspects where Democracy should have little less calling power, but thats possible on two fronts, 1. we realize that we first need world class thinkers and scientists and technologists 2. we realize that we are in safe hand and we can turn democracy off.

## Enjoy this blog? Please spread the word :)

• https://mdashf.org/category/insights/science-technology">