But my own PhD thesis is a kind of different tale altogether. For my work there is no CP Violation.
In CP Violation two leptons (electrons and positrons are leptons) are imparted quite good amount of energy and made to collide against each other. Thus just like in CERN lab, there is a much smaller tunnel at the Tsukuba facility, called an accelerator-detector facility. In this facility an electron and positron pairs are given enough energy and made to circle in opposite direction.
When they collide, they are made to do so, right inside the detector. They produce pairs of B-mesons. The B-meson one and two, they are almost at rest when they are produced, in the lab frame of reference. But the matter of fact is the B-mesons are produced from what are called Upsilon (4S) mesons.
These Upsilons are called resonances, and they are highly unstable (all resonances are short lived elementary particles). So they turn into B-mesons as soon as they are created.
read more My PhD Thesis, Preliminary Exam !
Whats the electron’s electricity bill? Our democracy has made it easier that if every person pays a little particle physics is really not that expensive, even less expensive than Diwali, Diwali comes every year. A lab for example would stay for 3 decades if opened.
Why India can go to Mars and not the atom? For expenditures, between the Mars and the Atom, the sojourn is not any different.
I worked for a particle lab whose cms energy for electron’s acceleration was roughly 10.5 GeV. Thats basically the energy if each person in India buys a battery of 1 Volt and gifts it to the lab as each battery would accelerate the electron a level of 1 eV and roughly the population of India would be needed to accelerate the electron to 10.5 GeV, assuming each one’s battery accelerates to 1 eV.
There will be other similar expenditures also, but this is like the electric bill for the electron. Says why particle physics is not really as expensive for the country as are eg riot expenditures or even Diwali crackers.