Back to electrons, there is always a fundamental thing to know about anything, that we already did not know. This has a great deal of significance for and from the Standard Model (and its spokesperson the PDG book, the so called bible of particle physics, but you may as well call it the “encyclopedia of the particle world”), you can always think of something important regarding the physical process by seeing what is known and what is not known. I believe modern Physics research should be done on such an approach and later unified (So it can come from many different people and different groups). I also see that many of the progress we have seen today have been achieved because of such an approach (My almamater of scientific research the Belle Group Experiments are one such example). The diversity in unity and unity in diversity of the scientific community should work towards a higher goal.
Photons are said to be the quantum (new-Indian-term: प्र-भागी) that carries the energy of unified electromagnetic fields.
An unified field is an advance treatment of electric and magnetic fields that are treated “same” because of a great idea of Einstein’s special theory of relativity. Like the equivalence of space-distance and time-intervals, electric field and magnetic fields are the manifestation of the same “gauge” fields. This is necessary if one observes the electric and magnetic phenomena from a space-point (or frame of reference) which is moving so fast with respect to the highest speeds attainable in our Universe that if something moves even at 1/20th the speed of light differences start to show up in our calculation from so called classical understanding.
The Unification of fundamental physical interactions is a result of that abstract thinking, and look at it, we are successful because nature nods “agreed”. One example of this unification is is how the electric fields (E) are same as a magnetic field (B) if you recognize that the E, B fields are not fundamental but a mere form of the more fundamental field when the speed of reference is quite ordinary. This was explained in much detail in the preciding chapter: What are photons? There we learned how we see these fields in an everyday sense, we do not see the lightening speeds if we were to we would not be seeing these fields but their rather fundamental origin and we would see that there is only one field: the electromagnetic field, which is jumping from one state to the next releasing something we call the photon or light corpuscles.
Now reductionism can be understood as a prevalent thinking in the theoretical approach to understand our Universe…
When nature takes all the million paths, allowed for the tiny bump or the ball, which includes all the paths in the vicinity of the actuated path (that is, the actual trajectory of the ball seen on TV) all of them cancel each other out.
If Path A is the actuated path, then its surrounded on both sides by, path A-minor-up and path A-minor-down, A-minor-up, has a phase 30 degree and A-minor-down, minus 30 degree, since nature isn’t going to give any special priority to any of the path but add them up, to see any excess value, it finds that at each instant only the actuated path Path A survives, with a non zero value, and all other (paths?) do not give any sufficient phase or amplitude, to the actual motion of the ball.
17 Nov 2004, status update over VPI, KEK video link
10 Nov 2004, status update over VPI, KEK video
Presentation slides of research in experimental high energy physics