OPERA neutrino experiment and it’s implications

The new glitch in OPERA.

( UPDATE, 19.11.2013 — Establishment here refers to the standing of Theory of Relativity in making speed-of-light as 2.99 x 1,00,000 kms/second, therefore they have attacked speed-of-light hypothesis and a cable glitch doesn’t take away their claim, as their claim was made on the basis of Physics in their paper, the glitch only deletes one data point, that the late arrival was a dubious data-point, but no-one knew of such a glitch at the time of their claim, more-so those who claimed the “imminent” failure of Einstein’s Theory.)

I mean 3 hours of basic Physics could have suggested pretty easily that 3 years worth of data taking is merely consistent with establishment, the order of the Goliath. They (simply) did not interpret their results correctly and that is the crux of the matter.

I have a punctured tyre, but what makes me think that I can drive 733 kms with it. I didn’t know I had a punctured tyre. But then its still punctured and it can not take you afar. Unless you ( — metaphoric you, read also as we) assume that puncture tyre are as good as good ones and they can take you thousands of kms.

3 anomalies in 3 weeks.

This article tries to put on record exactly why OPERA neutrino anomaly, FLYBY of Galileo anomaly and PIONEER anomalies are not at-all anomalies, based upon my research from late 2011. On 25.11.2013 I sat for couple hours and reviewed the article written from 2011 and added contents. Since I am reading after couple of years I reminded myself exactly why these are not anomalies: and here is why. 

Anomaly from OPERA experiment involving neutrino base line:
The mass of elementary particles is equivalent to a proper-time and in another way to the Compton-wavelength. Compton wavelength is defined as $latex \lambda_{Compton} = \frac{h}{mc}&bg=ffcccc&fg=cc00ff&s=1$ where c is the speed-of-light in appropriate units, m is the mass of a given particle, note that h is the Planck’s constant, not the reduced Planck’s constant, usually found in quantum mechanical treatments.

So in case of the OPERA experiment, the neutrino howsoever it challenged the physical validity of the sanctity of proper-time of photon — that proper time of photon is always zero and minimum among all elementary particles, because its a tiny little smurf with hardly any-mass, it could not run faster, because it has mass.

Again the energy uncertainties of the experimental detector would equivalently add mass to the neutrino, a fact completely over-looked by OPERA experiment collaboration.

Photon proper-time is defined to be least, because its mass is zero, hence neutrino must always take more time than photon, for traversing the same distance, but OPERA claimed otherwise. All in all Relativity + Quantum Mechanics restores the anomaly to its nemesis. 

Anomaly from FLYBY of Galileo and PIONEER satellites:
For an explanation of the anomalies while equivalence or relativity of mass, momentum, energy, wavelength etc are not needed here, whats simply needed is mass. This mass is a Newtonian concept but rather refined by Einstein’s theory known as Theory of Relativity which branches into two aspects 1. special theory and 2. general theory.

Bad news for OPERA.

Confirm, after I fixed some error-analysis ( — binomial coefficient and error analysis) and fixed the speed-of-light-unit calculations I see that OPERA-experiment does not even need to look beyond what error they might have done. ~1 part per billion of eV (ppb) error on their neutrino-mass equivalent to ~274 ppm of 1 eV error on their neutrino momentum equivalent to ~1 KeV error on their neutrino-energy is sufficient to produce an error on their neutrino speed to the extent of > 8.23 km/second, which already washes away the 7.5 kms/second, I will give you more details later.

1 KeV on 17 GeV thats a ~10^(-5) precision. I doubt it.

The brilliance of number, the precision is in the order of 10^(-5) which is what beta is for speeds at 5.1 km/s order.

Its a precision of energy at a fixed time precision that decides the speed excess is a result or an uncertainty? The minimum-minimum error on QM says OPERA result is an uncertainty unless they show us that they have say equal to less than 0.5 or 0.2 KeV error on their neutrino energy. Thats just an ideal, one might have to show much better precision on neutrino energy in a complicated scenario.

UPDATE TO: OPERA has lost it’s claim of superluminal neutrino.

A stringent constraint on OPERA speed-excess:

Planck’s constant = 6.6 10^(-7) eV-nanosecond;

A neutrino mass of 2 eV has to be measured to better than 1.15 eV to see any superluminal excess.

— After I fixed mistakes in my binomial-expansion.

At or above this error you see (7.5 + >= 7.5 ) km/second, you can see that this is basic energy-time uncertainty relation. Nothing more. Neutrinos are really not fairy tale.

Method: uncertainty = 1.15 eV x 10 nanosecond x 3,00,000 km/second = 7.5 km/second, minimum you must, is 2.1 km/second corresponding to 0.312 eV, so this does not rule out superluminal neutrinos, you just need to be between (0.312 – 1.15) eV in the OPERA set-up. If you have a 10 MeV total error somewhere, you have to convince the world, that, this is NOT affecting neutrino mass more than 1.15 eV.

Why nothing moves faster than light !!

There is an interesting discussion on twitter why “nothing can move faster than light”. I could not resist myself from a simple explanation

I also think a similar one might have been given by Einstein himself, long time ago, so forgotten by most when they try to explain it.

How does something go faster !! by burning mass.

In case of a car to move faster and faster one has to burn the fuel, more mass in less time.