Disclaimer; this article uses images and slides that are other’s views and not mine. They reflect the general sentiment of social phenomena from widely varying sources, well informed as well as ill informed. Its also a general tendency in the west to denigrate others culture, to showcase a superiority of one’s own. I have eg observed nasty forms of caste feelings in the USA itself. They are not necessarily transcedental to every facet of today’s modern lives. But nevertheless in ancient times caste and racism were much widely prevalent and an acceptable format. In the present day India there is no necessary acceptance of the caste evil by everyone alike, but are widely politically leveraged for various reasons. eg the quota or reservation system does its evil to propagate ill feeling among castes that are prevented to access the political privileges conferred upon lower castes, in the name of historical exploitation.
Some of my linguistic analyses, point to the idea, that, after-all, the so called 4-divisions of Indian society, over the millennium, called as a caste system, was neither necessarily a caste nor an overtly religious institution, but a simple observation, of what major sections of society existed.
In fact, such a system, was far less contrived, than is supposed and propagated today, for political and social gains. This is basically a social-religious-political ploy, to exploit the innocence of a system and is equally propagated by vicious forces in West and India itself. In fact most of it, is also to be found, in other Asiatic countries, in exact or similar forms, and 4-division was an order of the day, in a vast continental scope, rather than just the present day India.
Indonesia and Japan had their divisions, mostly akin to or same as that of India’s. Here is the meaning of such a caste division in India, as per my etymological observations. One can swap the order, since its an observation, rather than any dictum.
1. xatriya or kshyatria … kasa+tar … kasa = umbrella, protection, cover, ruling, administration. tar = hold, manage, transcend, pass-over.
note; my linguistic analyses, sometimes do not care, for today’s inter-language barriers. eg kasa is umbrella in Japanese and casa is house, a roof or protection in espaniol. Plus, after years of linguistic analysis I have stumbled upon better ways of looking at the problems, and my so called Sun theory of language, helps me tremendously. eg there would be more than one way of looking at each word’s phonetics and they all might be applied at times, to arrive at the Sun-unification ( a heliocentric theory if you will ) …
Here eg kshya’tri’a might have formed itself from rakshya+atreya, the protecting Lord or by implication, protective lords, the kingly caste, in later day usage. Be warned there are far more analytical inferences to be drawn here. eg rakshya itself could mean; kingdom, nation, jurisdiction. The very basic tenet of a heliocentric view is that; every philosophy of existence has emanated from Sun being the strongest force, as realized in ancient day civilizations and all form of strength and vitality came from it. Which is why Shiva is the fire that creates and sustains life. Later day addition makes a pantheon of multiple Gods and each with different function, one creates, one sustains and one destroys etc. With such Shiva becomes one that destroys, the destructive fire. Vishnu is the nurturing fire while Brahma was the creative fire. But in all earnestness they are all Aditya, sun. Aditya is Adi+ista or Adi+iswara, the first or foremost or ‘shesha’ naga. naga is anga = agni.
Hence each word translates into any other out of millions of closely related phonetics and eventually becomes totally and distinguishably separate. Maha+rakshya eg can go into bharat or bansha or brukshya, you just have to try the variation or alternation of the phonetics one by one, and you will be amazed how many words come off each other and what meaning they bring out.
2. baraman — brahmana = the bruhama+ana = The great Fire = Sun = Lord … by using the phonetic parts bara+manya; accepted by heart, gentle, friendly, honorable, respectable, scholarly, worldly, cognates with manbar = manyabara = monoyabaraka (this later is Japanese which has the exact same meaning as manyabara, interesting?). subramanya = sarba+manya and ishu+barmana etc — here this implies, a religious atonement of the original ‘scholarship’ role of the Brahmana, is possible. barman, varma, varan = varenya etc — here this implies amalgamation of roles as admin or governance, with scholarship.
3. vaishya, baishya, bashya; masters, skillful, artisans, businessmen, entrepreneurs, experts — comes from bash = to occupy, to control, to skillfully master an occupation or profession. — therefore implies mixing of religious assignments with such professions.
4. shudra, shutara
It might simply have been tar or kshudra; subtle as well as negligible or unimportant.
tar = transcend, pass-over, execute, farm, hold, manage, admin — but segregated from eg ksyatria.
So its just the observed economic section, which may or may not have relations, with other sections. But since there is always mixing of religious ideals of a society, it makes them stick to various sections, eg bramana to ksyatria and tar’s to ksyatria and vaishya and so on. 4-sections or divisions of castes are not exclusive, there could be more, but they can be easily classified into 4 or less.
This then through, intercultural and trade relations, over 1000s of years, goes into other continental societies and even comes back mixed and sometimes subverted. It seems quite possible, given how civilization-ally other things have moved from one part to another, including religion itself.