The fact that zero mass particles exist simply might be a coincidence of nature, that a very small energy was produced randomly. Again since it transmitted a longer distance or infinite distance might only happen for EM force only because of the nature of phenomena. Probably we need to think more why, what are any fundamental differences between different fundamental forces.
If you use that idea here you can see that 3 mm/year is really not a concern if they haven’t used the Relativistic corrections to their satelite data. But if they have taken all Relativistic effects which per a year can be really a large value compared to 3 mm/year then 3 mm/year can be studied to be some other effect. This question of any possible Relativistic error must be addressed first before any thing can be claimed about growing Oceanic water levels.
There were only two articles I had written countering Cohen and Glashow’s famous paper that had claimed a refutation of OPERA experiment. (Where? In your dreams?)
I had written some critical reports on Van Elburg’s hilarious paper. Van Elburg’s name was removed from Wikipedia article –probably because better late than never it was realized that it was a very tenuous scientific argument this paper was based on, namely relativistic speeds were added like Newtonian kinematic adherents. To see the difference read this article of mine, written much later to the current one.
He should have recanted his paper from ArXiv but I don’t know if he did. Science has dropped to ridiculous level and not just due to Elburg. Neither it is due to Glashow, who is a luminary and a great contributor to the causes of science.
I would be as much a follower of his, as I would be of Weinberg, my most favorite man of science of present times, perhaps. The greatest living physicist. I have ever only read one article of Glashow. He had made crap of fictitious medicinal system, if I remember, the traditional medicinal system of India came to his target of jest. I also liked a great deal how he had unabashedly bashed the string theory syndrome, at Harvard.
I had also not liked the university’s decision to issue him a pink card. What else can they do? Watch Porno and drink beer and bash the luminaries, when they speak the truth. Although they reinstated him. How can they mess up with a great-great man.
But when I read the Glashow paper — related to the present prospective anomaly of the OPERA neutrino experimental result, I did not like certain things about it. Of-course I was smoking [green?] but that’s not why. There was something terribly wrong. The same night I read it I did an uncertainty principle calculation and found what is so missing the attention of most of the world experts, that were basking in the glory of this paper from the luminary.
I also after a few more days wrote another article that from another angle and very basic ideas of physics had the audacity to purportedly show the potential pitfalls of their paper. I haven’t read their to be published PRL paper and I do not know if its already published. So I really do not know if they fixed their errors or still basking in glory.
Here are the two articles that I wrote and I will post the salient points I made in them, so you can avoid one of the longer articles. You can read the other if you will, so you can get a flavor of the arguments to make up your mind.
The image above shows earth at an altitude of 20200 + 9.08 km. The red line I drew is a straight line of 696 km, 3-D straight line — perhaps non-Euclidean, near the CERN – Gran Sasso Baseline, parallel to the latter, which is not straight and about 733 km long.
— Isn’t that a reason to worry?
This altitude is where the GPS satellites are “falling towards earth”.
Why should different baseline ends not introduce any error, to synchronization?
Also if we imagine 13.7 km/s at this altitude, the satellite is almost not moving. It takes 2 minutes for a deviation of 1 degree angle on earth surface — or anywhere, which is “49000 time of flights” of a neutrino bunch from CERN to Gran-Sasso.
That is, 3.54375 E-7 rad / time-of-flight.
The earth spin is 3.000823 E-2 rad / time-of-flight — earth spin being 7.292 E-5 / s.
I have shown that static earth effect is less than 1 pico-sec — special-relativistic-effect is small and negative, compared to general-relativistic-effect.
Spinning earth effect being 1% order of static earth, and earth spinning speed being E-5 orders higher, than satellite angular speed, again the “1% general relativistic effect of 1 pico-sec” will preside over the special relativistic effect, of the satellite.
So, the non-inertial effect of earth, will be ~1% of static earth, which is 1 picosecond. In other words, the total relativistic effect, of the GPS satellite, considering even earth-spin will be, within, about, 1-pico-sec.
We need not worry about this.
This is original research work of Manmohan Dash, first published here on 6 November 2011. 12:13 pm.
an important update; OPERA neutrino anomaly, from Gravitational contribution.
Here we will have to multiply the Gravitational shift by a 19.758 (4.4451*4.4451), as the 4.44 went to the denominator, instead of the numerator. A funny mistake, since quasi-consciously I left the E-10 factor, where it belonged, in the numerator, since at some level, I realized, I am doing some mistake otherwise.
One can see it’s not easy to guess, but one needs a pen and paper. Luckily that quasi-conscious thing, didn’t change the order of time shift and we are quite close to correct answer.
So all-in-all 0.5468 fs >> 10.804 fs.
The fractional shift in time, is not an inverse of fractional shift in frequency — as I stated or intended to calculate, it is same as the fractional shift in frequency, exact to the order of smallness, of the fractional shift of frequency itself. Since that factor is very small in our case, the fractional shift in time, can be set equal, to a fractional shift in frequency — a very important point.
The above update is summarized, in all detail, in the following 4 scanned pages:
I had made a quick calculation, of how relative velocity of GPS satellite, of ~4 km / s wrt the baseline — it has to be transverse, hence a transverse Doppler effect was actually calculated, introduces a time dilation of 0.216 ps — that is ~0.25 ps. But this was wrt the time of flight of 2.43 milli-secs — 730 kms at speed of light, in that case this becomes 88.89 ps for 1 second of time-of-flight. That is, if the satellite were at the level of moon, it would introduce, that kind of fractional time dilation, to processes measured on the baseline, on earth.