India spends less than 1% of its GDP into research/academics/science. Thats like 10 million in 1 billion of its people. Every year India educates only 1 metropolitan city say Chennai and since it has to educate the same city every year by that expenditure pretty much every other part in India remains malnourished in research/academics/science. This is an upper limit on the capability of India, 1 city as opposed to say 100 cities. Of course the (research/academics/science) RAS-Chennai is not the city of Chennai but an abstract region.
Compare that to a family that produces best engineers or doctors, how much they spent when they spent it what was their gross GDP? You will see why India does not produce a quality task force in proportion to its size. We don’t spend enough. Where do we spend? Cricket, religion, riots, politics, myth. Anything but education.
How myth? Take an organization with fabulous infrastructure, that infrastructure was raised to create a myth of quality but its actually used to commerce or politics or prestige of a few members and so on. Hence the actual spending for education is 1 ppm. The lowest unit for modern day measurement in terms of perceivable levels while still a mathematical infinitesimal unit. We define good education, we do not really create good education. Thats the 1 ppm mentality. Define, draw a line on paper, create a draft and show it on media. Thats all.